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Sohgaura copper plate inscription
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Sohgaura copper plate inscription

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Sohgaura copper plate inscription
Soghaura inscription.jpg
The Sohgaura copper plate.
MaterialCopper plate
WritingBrahmi script
Created3rd century BCE
Period/culture3rd Century BCE
Discovered26.57°N 83.48°ECoordinates26.57°N 83.48°E
PlaceIndia
Present locationSohgaura
Sohgaura is located in India
Sohgaura
Sohgaura

The Sohgaura copper plate inscription is an Indian copper plate inscription written in Prakrit in the Brahmi script. It was discovered in Sohgaura, a village on the banks of the Rapti River, about 20 km south-east of Gorakhpur, in the Gorakhpur DistrictUttar PradeshIndia.[1]

The plate, consisting of a line of symbolic drawings and four lines of text, is the result of a molding.[2] The inscription is sometimes presented as pre-Ashokan, even pre-Mauryan, but the writing of the plate, especially the configuration of akshara would rather suggest a date after Ashoka.[2] Nowadays, this plate is generally considered to be from the Maurya period, and seems to be part of the larger set of inscriptions (the Edicts of Ashoka), written by Ashoka through India.[3]

The text of the plate has been translated as follows. Its mentions the establishment of two grain depots (Kosthagara) to fight against famine.[4]

Sāvatiyānam Mahāma(ttā)nam sāsane Mānavāsītika-

ḍasilimate Ussagāme va ete duve koṭṭhāgālāni
tina-yavāni maṃthulloca-chammā-dāma-bhālakān(i)va
laṃ kayiyati atiyāyikāya no gahi(ta)vvāya[5]

At the junction called Manawasi,
these two storehouses are prepared,
for the sheltering of loads of commodities,
of Tiyavani, Mathura and Chanchu.

— Translated by Fleet[2]

This is the oldest Indian copper plate inscriptions known.[3][4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ THE SOHGAURA COPPER-PLATE REGISTRATION BM Barua Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute Vol. 11, No. 1 (1930), pp. 32-48 [1]
  2. Jump up to:a b c Sircar 1942 Select Inscriptions Vol 1 OCR p.85
  3. Jump up to:a b The Archeology of Early Historic South Asia: The Emergence of Cities and States by FR Allchin, George Erdosy p.212
  4. Jump up to:a b 2000+ MCQs with Explanatory Notes For HISTORY by Disha Experts p.63
  5. ^ Barua, B. M. (1930). "THE SOHGAURA COPPER-PLATE INSCRIPTION". Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute11 (1): 48. JSTOR 41688160.


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Taxila copper plate

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Taxila Copper Plate
TaxilaCopperPlate.JPG
Taxila Copper Plate as displayed in the British Museum
MaterialCopper
SizeHeight 7.5 cm
Created1st century BC - 1st century AD
Present locationBritish Museum, London
RegistrationOA 1967.10-18.5

The Taxila copper-plate, also called the Moga inscription or the Patika copper-plate is a notable archaeological artifact found in the area of TaxilaGandhara, in modern Pakistan. It is now in the collection of the British Museum.[1]

Description[edit]

The copper plate is dated to a period between the 1st century BCE and the 1st century CE. It bears an imprecise date: the 5th day of the Macedonian month of Panemos, in the year 78 of king Moga. It is thought it may be related to the establishment of a Maues era, which would give a date around 6 CE.

The copper plate is written in the Kharosthi script (a script derived from Aramaic). It relates the dedication of a relic of the Buddha Shakyamuni (Paliśakamuni, literally "Master of the Shakas") to a Buddhist monastery by the Indo-Scythian (Pali: "śaka") ruler Patika Kusulaka, son of Liaka Kusulaka, satrap of Chukhsa, near Taxila.

The inscription is significant in that it documents the fact that Indo-Scythians practiced the Buddhist faith. It is also famous for mentioning Patika Kusulaka, who also appears as a "Great Satrap" in the Mathura lion capital inscription.

Text of the inscription[edit]

[samva]tsaraye athasatatimae 20 20 20 10 4 4 maharayasa mahamtasa mogasa pa[ne]masa masasa divase pamcame 4 1 etaye purvaye kshaha[ra]ta[sa]
[cukh]sa ca kshatrapasa liako kusuluko nama tasa [pu]tro pati[ko] takhaśilaye nagare utarena pracu deśo kshema nama atra
(*de)she patiko apratithavita bhagavata śakamunisa shariram (*pra)tithaveti [samgha]ramam ca sarvabudhana puyae mata-pitaram puyayamt(*o)
[kshatra]pasa saputradarasa ayu-bala-vardhi[e] bhratara sarva ca [nyatiga-bamdha]vasa ca puyayamto maha-danapati patikasa jauvanyae
rohinimitrenya ya ima[mi] samgharame navakamika
Reverse: Patikasa kshatrapa Liaka

— Original text of the Taxila copper plate inscription[2]

In the seventy-eighth, 78, year of the Great King, the Great Moga, on the fifth, 5, day of the month Panemos, on this first, of the Kshaharata
and Kshatrapa of ChukhsaLiaka Kusulaka by name – his son Patika - in the town of Takshasila, to the north, the eastern region, Kshema by name
In this place Patika establishes a (formerly not) established relic of the Lord Shakyamuni and a sangharama (through Rohinimitra who is the overseer of work of this sangharama)
For the worship of all Buddhas, worshipping his mother and father, for the increase of the life and power of the Kshatrapa, together with his son and wife, worshipping all his brothers and his blood-relations and kinsmen.
At the jauva-order of the great gift-lord Patika
To Patika the Kshatrapa Liaka

— English translation[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ British Museum Collection
  2. ^ Gandhari.org
  3. ^ Source, also "Kharoshthi inscription", Sten Konow, 1929

References[edit]

  • British Museum display (Asian gallery)
  • W. W.Tarn, The Greeks in Bactria and India, Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd. 1980 (reprinted from the 1951 edition).
  • Stefan Baums. 2012. “Catalog and Revised Texts and Translations of Gandharan Reliquary Inscriptions.” In: David Jongeward, Elizabeth Errington, Richard Salomon and Stefan Baums, Gandharan Buddhist Reliquaries, pp. 211–212, Seattle: Early Buddhist Manuscripts Project (Gandharan Studies, Volume 1).
  • Stefan Baums and Andrew Glass. 2002– . Catalog of Gāndhārī Texts, no. CKI 46


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